Fottea, 2011 (vol. 11), issue 1

Fottea 11(1): 149-161, 2011 | 10.5507/fot.2011.015

Scytonematopsis contorta sp. nov. (Nostocales), a new species from the Hawaiian Islands.

Melissa A. Vaccarino*, Jeffrey R. Johansen
Department of Biology, John Carroll University, University Heights, OH 44118 USA

Scytonematopsis Kiseleva is a poorly known cyanobacterial genus with a widespread, mostly tropical distribution. A new species, S. contorta, is described from the Hawaiian Island of Oahu based on morphological and molecular evidence. The new species was found growing on rock in damp aerial habitats proximal to streams and waterfalls. It differs in several regards to the other 14 species, in particular in its pronounced ability to produce a spirally contorted trichome within a single filament. The phylogenetic placement of the genus is uncertain. It is associated with both Rivularia and Calothrix species in the Rivulariaceae, and is distant from the Scytonemataceae, where it has traditionally been placed. However, the relationship of these taxa is unresolved, as there was very little support for the deeper nodes of the phylogeny.

Keywords: 16S-23S ITS, Calothrix, Cyanobacteria, Hawaii, Oahu, Rivularia, Scytonema, Scytonemataceae, Scytonematopsis, secondary structure

Published: March 1, 2011

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