Fottea, 2012 (vol. 12), issue 2

Fottea 12(2): 149-169, 2012 | DOI: 10.5507/fot.2012.012

Revision of type materials of antarctic diatom species (Bacillariophyta) described by West & West (1911), with the description of two new species.

Bart Van de Vijver*,1, Ines Tavernier2, Thomas B. Kellogg3, John Gibson4, Elie Verleyen2, Wim Vyverman2, Koen Sabbe2
1 National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Department of Bryophyta & Thallophyta, Domein van Bouchout, B-1860 Meise, Belgium
2 University of Ghent, Department of Biology, Protistology & Aquatic Ecology, Krijgslaan 281 S8, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
3 University of Maine, Department of Geological Sciences and Institue for Quaternary studies, Orono, ME 04469, USA
4 Institute for Marine and Antarctic Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

In 1911, W. & G.S. West published a detailed account of freshwater algae collected by James Murray in the vicinity of Cape Royds on Ross Island (Antarctic Continent). Out of of 84 algal taxa reported, 30 were diatoms. Although the majority of the diatoms were considered (at that time) to be cosmopolitan, eight diatom species and two varieties were described as new. While most of these new taxa are still commonly reported from Antarctic and Subantarctic localities, the exact identity of some remains uncertain. Here we document the morphology of these species from the original type material using light and scanning electron microscopy; the taxonomic identities are discussed and, where necessary, the taxonomy is updated. For several species, lectotypes are designated. In addition, two Antarctic species are described as new: Luticola pseudomurrayi Van de Vijver et Tavernier sp. nov.
and Chamaepinnularia gibsonii Van de Vijver sp. nov.

Keywords: Antarctica, Bacillariophyta, diatoms, morphology, new species, type material, West & West

Received: June 1, 2011; Accepted: July 11, 2011; Published: September 1, 2012

Download citation

References

  1. Alfinito, S. & Cavacini, P. (2000): Navicula skuae sp. nov., a freshwater dieton from Continental Antarctica. - Diatom Research 15: 1-9. Go to original source...
  2. Baker, A.N. (1967): Algae from Lake Miers, a solar- heated Antarctic lake. - New Zealand Journal of Botany 5: 453-468. Go to original source...
  3. Barber, H.G. & Haworth, E.Y. (1981): A guide to the morphology of the diatom frustule. - Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 44: 1-111.
  4. Brown, N.E. (1920): Some new and old diatoms from the Antarctic Region. - English Mechanic and World of Science 111: 210-211.
  5. Carlson, G.W.F. (1913): Süsswasseralgae aus der Antarktis, Südgeorgien und den Falkland Inseln. - Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901- 1903, unter leitung von dr. Otto Nordenskjøld: 4 (Botanique): 1-94 + 3 plates.
  6. Cavacini, P.; Tagliaventi, N. & Fumanti, B. (2006): Morphology, Ecology and distribution of an endemic Antarctic lacustrine diatom: Chamaepinnularia cymatopleura comb. nov. - Diatom Research 21: 57-70. Go to original source...
  7. Cox, E.J. (1999): Craspedostauros gen. nov., a new diatom genus for some unusual marine raphid species previously placed in Stauroneis Ehrenberg and Stauronella Mereschkowsky. - European Journal of Phycology 34: 131-148. Go to original source...
  8. Cremer, H.; Roberts, D.; McMinn, A.; Gore, D. & Melles, M. (2003): The Holocene Diatom Flora of Marine Bays in the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica. - Botanica Marina 46: 82-106. Go to original source...
  9. Esposito, R.M.M.; Spaulding, S.A.; McKnight, D.M.; Van de Vijver, B.; Kopalová, K.; Lubinski, D.; Hall, B. & Whittaker., T. (2008): Inland diatoms from the McMurdo Dry Valleys and James Ross Island, Antarctica. - Botany 86: 1378-1392. Go to original source...
  10. Fritsch, F.E. (1912): Freshwater algae. - In: Natural History. London. British Museum. - National Antarctic Expedition 1901-1904. v.6 (Zoology & Botany): 1-60.
  11. Fritsch, F.E. (1917): Freshwater algae. British Antarctic (Terra Nova) Expedition, 1910. - Natural History Report 1-17.
  12. Gibson, J.A.E.; Roberts, D. & Van de Vijver, B. (2006): Salinity control of the distribution of diatoms in lakes of the Bunger Hills, East Antarctica. - Polar Biology 29: 694-704. Go to original source...
  13. Grove, W.B. (1919): George Stephen West, M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S. (1876-1919.) - Journal of Botany 57: 283-284.
  14. Håkansson, H. & Jones, V.J. (1994): The compiled freshwater diatom taxa list for the maritime region of the South Shetland and South Orkney Islands. - In: Hamilton, P.B. (ed.): Proceedings of the Fourth Arctic-Antarctic Diatom Symposium Workshop. - Canadian Technical report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 157: 77-83.
  15. Heiden, H. & Kolbe, R.W. (1928): Die marinen Diatomeen der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903. - In: E. von Drygalsky (ed.): Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 im Auftrage des Reichsministeriums des Innern. Vol. 8/5 (Botanik). - pp. 447-715, Walter de gruyter & co, Berlin und Leipzig.
  16. Hendey, N.I. (1964): An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V. Bacillariophyceae (Diatoms). - 317 pp. (+44 plates), Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
  17. Holmboe, J.D. (1902): IV. Navicula mutica Kütz. Aus dem antarktischen Festlande. - Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, Christiana 40: 221-222.
  18. Hustedt, F. (1961-1966): Die Kieselalgen Dutschlands, Österreichs unde der Schweiz mit Berücksicht der übrigen Länder Europas sowie der Angrenzenden Meeresgebiete. - In: Dr. Rabenhirst Kryptogamen Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 7: 1-815.
  19. Kellogg, D.E.; Stuiver, M.; Kellogg, T.B. & Denton, G.H.D. (1980): Non-marine diatoms from Late Wisconsin perched deltas in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 30: 157- 189. Go to original source...
  20. Kellogg, D.E. & Kellogg, T.B. (1987): Diatoms of the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica. - Palaeogeograpgy, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 60: 77-96. Go to original source...
  21. Kellogg, T.B. & Kellogg, D.E. (2002): Non-marine and littoral diatoms from Antarctic and subantarctic regions. Distribution and updated taxonomy. - Diatom monographs 1: 1-795.
  22. Ko-Bayashi, T. (1963): Variations on some pennate diatoms from Antarctica (Part 1): III. Variations of Navicula muticopsis Van Heurck var. muticopsis f. murrayi (W. & G.S. West) Ko-Bayashi. - Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition 1956-1962, Scientific Reports Series E 18: 1-20 + 16 plates.
  23. Krasske, G. (1938): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Diatomeenflora von Island und Spitzbergen. - Archiv für Hydrobiologie und Planktonkunde 33: 503-533.
  24. Lange-Bertalot, H. (2001): Navicula sensu stricto, 10 genera separated from Navicula sensu lato, Frustulia. - Diatoms of Europe 2: 1-526.
  25. McNeill, J.; Barrie, F.R.; Burdet, H.M.; Demoulin, V.; Hawksworth, D.L.; Marhold, K.; Nicolson, D.H.; Prado, J.; Silva, P.C.; Skog, J.E.; Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (2006): International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, Vienna Code. - 568 pp., A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell, Liechtenstein.
  26. Mills, F.W. (1933-1935): An index to the genera and species of the Diatomaceae and their synonyms 1816-1932. - 526 pp., Wheldon & Wesley, London.
  27. Okuno, H. (1954): Electron microscopical study on Antarctic diatoms. - Journal of Japanese Botany 29: 18-25.
  28. Paddock, T.B.B. (1988): Plagiotropis Pfitzer and Tropidoneis Cleve, a summary account. - Bibliotheca Diatomologica 16: 1-152.
  29. Patrick, R. & Reimer, C.W. (1975): The diatoms of the United States exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. Entomoneidaceae, Cymbellaceae, Gomphonemaceae, Epithemiaceae. - Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2: 1-213.
  30. Roebuck, W.D. (1914): In memory of William West (1848-1914.) (with portrait). - Journal of Botany 52: 161-164.
  31. Round, F.E.; Crawford, R.M. & Mann, D.G. (1990): The diatoms. Biology & Morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. -747pp., Cambridge, UK.
  32. Sabbe, K.; Verleyen, E.; Hodgson, D.A.; Vanhoutte, K. & Vyverman, W. (2003): Benthic diatom flora of freshwater and saline lakes in the Larsemann Hills and Rauer Islands, East-Antarctica. - Antarctic Science 15: 227-248. Go to original source...
  33. Spaulding, S.A. & Stoermer, E.F. (1997): Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Muelleria Frenguelli. - Diatom Research 12: 95-115. Go to original source...
  34. Spaulding, S.A.; McKnight, D.M.; Stoermer, E.F. & Doran, P.T. (1997): Diatoms in sediments of perennially ice-covered Lake Hoare, and implications for interpreting lake history in the dry valleys region of Antarctica. - Journal of Paleolimnology 17: 403-420. Go to original source...
  35. Spaulding, S.A.; Kociolek, J.P. & Wong, D. (1999) A taxonomic and systematic revision of the genus Muelleria (Bacillariophyta). - Phycologia 38: 314-341. Go to original source...
  36. Spaulding, S.; Esposito, R.; Lubinski, D.; Horn, S.; Cox, M.; McKnight, D.; Alger, A.; Hall, B.; Mayernick, M.; Whittaker, T. & Yang, C. (2011): Antarctic Freshwater Diatoms web site, McMurdo Dry Valleys LTER, visited 18 Mar 2011 at http://huey.colorado.edu/diatoms/
  37. Van de Vijver, B.; Beyens, L. & Lange-Bertalo,t H. (2004): The genus Stauroneis in Arctic and Antarctic locations. - Bibliotheca Diatomologica 51: 1-311.
  38. Van de Vijver, B. & Mataloni, G. (2008): New and interesting species in the genus Luticola D.G. Mann (Bacillariophyta) from Deception Island (South Shetland Islands). - Phycologia 47: 451-467. Go to original source...
  39. Van de Vijver, B.; Mataloni, G.; Stanish, L. & Spaulding, S.A. (2010): New and interesting species of the genus Muelleria (Bacillariophyta) from the Antarctic Region and South Africa. - Phycologia 49: 22-41. Go to original source...
  40. Van de Vijver, B.; Sterken, M.; Vyverman, W.; Mataloni, G.; Nedbalová, L.; Kopalová, K.; Elster, J.; Verleyen, E. & Sabbe, K. (2010): Four new non-marine diatom taxa from the Subantarctic and Antarctic Regions. - Diatom Research 25: 431-443. Go to original source...
  41. Van der Werff, A. (1955): A new method for cleaning and concentrating diatoms and other organisms. - Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie 12: 276-277.
  42. Van Heurck, H. (1909): Diatomées. In: Résultats du Voyage du S.Y. Belgica en 1897-1898-1899. Rapports Scientifiques. - Botanique 6: 1-129. Antwerpen: Imprimerie J.-E. Buschmann.
  43. Wasell, A. & Håkansson, H. (1992): Diatom stratigraphy in a lake on Horseshoe Island, Antarctica: a marine-brackish-freshwater transition with comments on the systematics and ecology of the most common diatoms. - Diatom Research 7: 157-194. Go to original source...
  44. Wasell, A. (1993): Diatom Stratigraphy and evidence of Holocene environmental changes in selected lake basins in the Antarctic and South Georgia [PhD Thesis]. - Stockholm University, Department of Quaternary Research, Stockholm.
  45. West, W. & West, G.S. (1911): Freshwater algae. - British Antarctic Expedition (1907-1909) Science Report, Biology 1: 263-298.