Fottea, 2014 (vol. 14), issue 1

Fottea 14(1): 43-51, 2014 | DOI: 10.5507/fot.2014.003

Analysis of the type of Achnanthes exigua Grunow (Bacillariophyta) with the description of a new Antarctic diatom species.

Jonathan C. Taylor1,2,3, Christine Cocquyt3, Balasubramanian Karthick1,4, Bart Van de Vijver*,3,5
1 School of Biological Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
2 South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown, South Africa
3 Botanic Garden Meise, Department of Bryophyta & Thallophyta, Domein van Bouchout, B-1860 Meise, Bel- gium
4 Gubbi Labs, # 2- 182, 2nd Cross, Extension, Gubbi - 572 216, Karnataka, India
5 University of Antwerp, Department of Biology, ECOBE, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium

A study was made of the type material of Achnanthidium exiguum (Grunow) Czarnecki. This often encountered and apparently ubiquitous species was originally described as Stauroneis exilis by Kützing from the island of Trinidad and later re-named as Achnanthes exigua by Grunow. The type material for this taxon (Kützing sample 397), housed in the Van Heurck collection at the National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise was investigated and the ultrastructure of this taxon was documented using both LM and SEM observations. A new Antarctic taxon, formerly identified as A. exigua, was described as a new species, Achnanthidium australexiguum sp. nov. The position of both taxa within the genus Achnanthidium is briefly discussed.

Keywords: Achnanthidium australexiguum, A. exiguum, Maritime Antarctic Region, morphology, type material

Received: September 21, 2013; Accepted: December 16, 2013; Published: March 1, 2014

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