Fottea, 2014 (vol. 14), issue 2

Fottea 14(2): 241-248, 2014 | 10.5507/fot.2014.018

A novel genus Ammassolinea gen. nov. (Cyanobacteria) isolated from sub-tropical epipelic habitats.

Petr Hašler*,1, Petr Dvořák1, Aloisie Poulíčková1, Dale A. Casamatta2
1 Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacký University Olomouc, Šlechtelů 11, CZ-783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2 University of North Florida, Department of Biology, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, USA

A new monospecific genus of an epipelic, filamentous oscillatorean Phormidium-like cyanobacterium is established. The genus was first discovered from a pond at Fiddlers Ridge Drive, Jacksonville, Florida, USA and subsequently isolated into uni-algal strains. During the process of cultivation, a combination of morphological, ultrastructural and molecular evidence supports the erection of a novel genus. Based on apomorphies which differ from related taxa such as heap-like colony formation, ultrastructural properties and molecular uniqueness, we propose the generic epithet Ammassolinea (sand-dwelling filaments).

Keywords: cyanobacteria, Florida, new genus, 16S rDNA, ITS

Received: May 30, 2014; Accepted: July 3, 2014; Published: September 1, 2014

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